What is nail psoriasis?

What is Psoriasis?

Psoriasis is a chronic skin, non-infectious disease of scaling and inflammation caused by an immune system dysfunction. It affects more than 5 million adults, or greater than 3 percent of the U.S. population. The symptoms of Psoriasis most commonly include the emergence of scaly patches of skin, often inflamed, itchy, and dry. If the disease is not cured in time, it can spread and become fatal, especially among adults and the elderly.

psoriaisis fingernails

What is nail psoriasis?

Nail psoriasis can affect the matrix (the tissue from which the nail grows), bed (the tissue under the nail), the nail plate, the cuticle, folds, and the bones at the end of the fingers. It is rare that an individual develops psoriasis only on the toenails or finger. There are total four common types of nail psoriasis; these changes can occur simultaneously or alone.

They include:

  1. Discoloration of the bed (yellowish pink or yellow) resembling drops of oil under the plate, referred to as a “salmon patch” or “oil drop” caused by this condition in the nail bed.
  2. Total loss of the nail due to psoriasis causing the nail matrix weakness.
  3. Pitting: A pitted nail caused by the scarcities in growth due to the nail matrix psoriasis.
  4. Onycholysis: It can be accompanied by inflamed skin on a cuticle.

Symptoms of Nail Psoriasis

If you have nail psoriasis, you may notice the following signs:

  • Arthritis of the fingers with nail changes
  • Crumbling of the nail
  • Tiny vertical black lines in the nail
  • Areas of white on your nail plate
  • Loosening of the nail
  • Clear yellow-red nail discoloring pits in nails
  • Lines going across the nails
  • Thickness of the nail skin

Nail Psoriasis Care Tips

  • Stop scratching your nails, biting the nails, or routinely manicuring your nails. This may cause invariant damage to the matrix of the nail.
  • Nail varnish can be utilized to cover the pitting. If Nail Varnish contains acetone, then don’t use it, as it can cause damage to the nail.
  • Trim your nails regularly to decrease the chance of an infection.
  • Prefer water shoes if you do swim daily.
  • If you have painful fingernail or toenail psoriasis disease, then you need to consult with a podiatrist.
  • Avoid false nails.
  • Protect your nails by wearing gloves when doing any manual work.
  • Keep your nails dry.
  • You should wear gloves, when you expose your nails and hands to harsh treatment – this includes housework, gardening and other activities. Take cotton gloves for dry work and vinyl gloves for wet work.
  • Avoid washing your hands with anti-bacterial soaps because these kinds of soaps irritate the skin under the nail.

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