Manicure is a treatment to fingernails and hands at home or nail salon for better look. Manicure involves nail filing, shaping and hand massage, also applying polish.
You can read more about the manicure process here.
History of Manicure
Manicure history dates from more than 4,000 years. In China in 3,000 BC nail color indicated social status. ( according to Ming dynasty manuscript). Royal people used to paint their nails with black and red colors.
Ancient Egyptians used to manicure all the way back from 23000 BC. It’s said that Cleopatra`s (Ptolemaic Queen of Egypt) used to paint with deep red and military commanders also painted their nails to match their lips in battle.
French manicure was originated in 18th century Paris. French manicures are designed in a way to resemble natural nails with pink color on nails and white color on tip of nails. French manicure was very famous in 1920 – 1930.
These days manicure and pedicure has become main sources of income for many in Vietnamese American community. In 2000, there were 50,000 nail salons which offer manicure and pedicure, compared to 100,000 nail salons in 2010.
According to US Department of Labor, manicure and pedicure specialist earned $24,000 in 2006. Most successful specialist will earn $50,000 per year.
Although these salons are perfectly sanitary, chances of spreading infection or fungus increases with pedicures. With nail tools like nippers fungus can spread to other who come for manicure or pedicure which can result in yellow fungal nails, athlete’s foot etc… So the health department implemented a way that for every 2 or 3 years they will visit salons to check the sanitary.
Anyway, now many nail salons in US allow user to buy nail tools kit, which they can keep in the salon and will be used when the customer return. So different nail tools for different customers.
Here are tools used in manicure
- Bowl of warm water or fingerbath
- Nail clippers
- Cuticle knife and clippers
- Hoof stick – made from metal or orange wood
- Nail file
- Orange Stick
- Manicure table
- Rubber thimble resembling object (used to help open polish)