What is Contact dermatitis – Causes and Treatment

What is Contact dermatitis?

Contact dermatitis is a type of an inflammation of the skin that happens when substances contacting your skin cause an allergic reaction or irritation. The resulting itchy rash, red isn’t life-threatening or contagious, but dermatitis may be very uncomfortable.

In everyday life Culprits include jewelry, cosmetics, soaps, fragrances or plants like poison oak or poison ivy. Some seizures involve divestiture to material that can cause contact dermatitis disorder.

Contact dermatitis around wound

Causes of Contact dermatitis

There are two types of contact dermatitis such as irritant and allergic.

Like all allergic contact dermatitis, allergic reactions results from immune system reaction. The immune system overreacts to the substance, generally a vegetable protein or animal. This system is activated to create antibodies called immunoglobulin E or IgE towards this allergen. This overreaction is also known as a hypersensitivity reaction.The antibody is stored on mast cells. When mast cells come into contact with allergen, the antibodies stimulate the release of hormones and chemicals known as mediators. The example of a mediator is Histamine. It causes the signs of the allergic contact dermatitis, in this case a swelling and an itchy rash. In allergic reaction there is a reaction in skin that has touched your skin.

  • In many people, Substances that cause contact dermatitis include “poisonous” plants like
  1. Industrial chemicals 
  2. Primulas 
  3. Hellebores
  4. Some metals
  5. Latex rubber
  6. Chrysanthemums,
  7. Cosmetics 
  8. Detergents
  9. Cleaning solutions 
  10. Perfumes
  11. Primroses 
  12. Certain foods
  • Various other chemicals may cause allergic reactions such as straighteners or hair dyes; the metal nickel which is found in watch straps, belt buckles and jewelry; tanning agents in citrus fruit; peel; leather and, latex rubber.
  • The fragrances in some cosmetics, lotions, shampoos, soaps and perfumes can cause a contact dermatitis.
  • Even various medications used for the skin can cause dermatitis.
  • Contacts with a substance that affect your skin also cause an Irritant contact dermatitis.
  • Household cleaners like detergents can also cause this condition.
  • The individuals with eczema problem can get this disease.

Treatment of Contact dermatitis

  • Treatments includes washing with plenty of fresh water to reduce any irritant traces that can remain on the skin. You need to ignore further exposure to known allergens or irritants.
  • Moisturizers or Emollients can help to skin repair itself and can help to moist the skin. They are a main part of treating and preventing this condition.
  • The best treatment is to do nothing to the affected part.
  • Ointments or Corticosteroid skin creams can also reduce skin inflammation. Don’t overuse these creams on skin it may cause problems.
  • Your health care provider can recommend drugs such as pimecrolimus cream or tacrolimus ointment to use on the skin.
  • Drying lotions and Wet dressings can be prescribed to reduce other signs.

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